Using Distortion-Oriented Displays to Support Workspace Awareness

Greenberg, S., Gutwin, C. and Cockburn, A. (1996)
Using Distortion-Oriented Displays to Support Workspace Awareness. In A. Sasse, R.J. Cunningham, and R. Winder (Eds.) People and Computers XI (Proceedings of the HCI'96), pages 299-314, London, August 20-23. Earlier version as Report 1996-581-01, January.

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Abstract

Desktop conferencing systems are now moving away from strict view-sharing and towards relaxed "what-you-see-is-what-I-see" (relaxed-WYSIWIS) interfaces, where distributed participants in a real time session can view different parts of a shared visual workspace. As with strict view-sharing, people using relaxed-WYSIWIS require a sense of workspace awareness - the up-to-the-minute knowledge about another person's interactions with the shared workspace. The problem is deciding how to provide a user with an appropriate level of awareness of what other participants are doing when they are working in different areas of the workspace. In this paper, we propose distortion oriented displays as a novel way of providing this awareness. These displays, which employ magnification lenses and fisheye view techniques, show global context and local detail within a single window, providing both peripheral and detailed awareness of other participants' actions. Three prototypes are presented as examples of groupware distortion-oriented displays: the fisheye text viewer, the offset lens, and the head-up lens.

Bibtex entry

@INCOLLECTION { 1996-Distortion.HCI,
CLASS = { CONFARTICLE },
AUTHOR = { Greenberg, S. and Gutwin, C. and Cockburn, A. },
TITLE = { Using Distortion-Oriented Displays to Support Workspace Awareness },
BOOKTITLE = { People and Computers XI (Proceedings of the HCI'96) },
PAGES = { 299-314 },
MONTH = { August 20-23 },
ADDRESS = { London },
YEAR = { 1996 },
EDITOR = { A. Sasse, R.J. Cunningham, and R. Winder },
VOLUME = { Conference held at Imperial College },
NOTE = { Earlier version as Report 1996-581-01, January },
}